contactless delivery service promoting social distancing B u s i n e s s F i n a n c e

contactless delivery service promoting social distancing B u s i n e s s F i n a n c e



What are the two types of discourse?

Exposition: Exposition can be described as explaining impartially, without argument or persuasion. There is no goal or attempt to sway opinion or change views/ideologies. Exposition consists of statements that describe without attempting to explain (Cooper & Schindler, 2014, p. 66). Reasoning through exposition is void of emotion guaranteeing no attempt of influence. The reader, lister, or watcher is allowed to make arguments based on facts presented.

Argument: Argumentation affords the opportunity to combine meaningful facts with opinions allowing us to explain, interpret, defend, challenge, and explore meaning (Cooper & Schindler, 2014, p. 66). We’re allowed to use logic, common sense, and our own beliefs to appeal to the viewer. Through discovery in exposition, we exploit agendas that cater more closely to our understandings and beliefs. We take fact and mix in emotions/opinions and sell it to those around us. If we choose to sell without fact, it’s just propaganda.

What are the two types of argument?

Deduction: (Top-down approach) Deduction arguments are derived from all true premises that result in a true conclusion. When the intent is to provide certainty and a guaranteed conclusion accompanied by proof, the argument is deductive. Here is an example:

    1. From the result of a market study, a local marketing team for ABC Foods determines that families are increasingly hesitant on utilizing delivery services due to Covid-19. (Premise Statement)
    2. ABC Foods decides to advertise their contactless delivery service promoting social distancing. (Premise Statement)


    1. ABC Foods sees a modest increase in deliveries. (Specific Conclusion)

The first two premise statements are guaranteed true resulting in a conclusion that is valid. The rule of premise statements is that they must be logical and realistically true (Fisher, 2017). It becomes clear that the conclusion is “contained within” a deductive argument’s premises (Cooper & Schindler, 2014, p. 68).

Induction: (Bottom-up approach) The route to truth is through repeated observations. After acquiring these repeated observations, you then generalize the repeated phenomenon to a probable conclusion. Problems arise when we understand the conclusion is just one outcome of many other possibilities. Here is an example:

    1. Covid-19 is a virus. (Specific statement)
    2. All businesses are suffering. (Specific statement)


    1. All businesses are suffering from Covid-19. (General conclusion)


    1. ABC Foods conducts a study of recent deliveries and finds that these customers all gave astounding reviews of the business and its new contactless delivery system. (Specific Statement)


    1. ABC Foods finds that these reviews all came from one neighborhood and decide to focus all their advertising on that neighborhood. (General conclusion)

These examples are logically true. However, they can also be understandably false. Just because all businesses are suffering, doesn’t mean that it’s all Covid-19 related. The conclusion of an inductive argument is not certain. It is possible from the second example that ABC Foods will gain more reviews from the neighborhood they’ve given all their attention. By doing this however, they’re likely isolating other customers from their products and services.

Appreciation for the compare/contrast of these two types of arguments.

Deduction is complete and clear with premises that illustrate the conclusion. Deductive reasoning aims for certainty and progresses with an intent to test existing theories to verify validity. Inductive reasoning helps us fill in the gaps where this is no certainty. Many scientific discoveries have been made by testing hypothesis and observing their outcomes. These outcomes eventually turned into the guaranteed facts we use in today’s deductive reasoning. Induction and deduction can/will/have been used together in research reasoning.


Cooper, D. R., & Schindler, P. S. (2014). Business research methods. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Fisher, P. (2017, June 07). Induction and Deduction. Retrieved January 12, 2021, from https:// Business Research Method

Week 1 Discussion


It is possible to define the two major discourse forms in narrative and informative terminology. A narrative debate involves clarifying questions, contradictions, and narrating a story in depth or even. It reflects on any concerns pertaining to existing environmental factors from a point of view. An impression should be descriptively provided to the end user or any group in descriptive styles. An impression should be descriptively provided to the end user or any group in descriptive styles. In this, the current evidence and sensory adjustments should be clarified in thorough study.

Arguments are an important consideration in deciding whether an issue exists. It may usually have viewpoints or premises, but one would be the assumptions. Deductive In inductive arguments, conclusions are taken based on the evidence supplied which are described in the whole case study or interpretation’s or inductive arguments can be found in the most common arguments. Deductive claims involve drawing a conclusion based on the available conclusions or facts. In inductive arguments, conclusions are taken based on the evidence supplied which are described in the whole case study or interpretation. Argument is also a kind of communication suggested to persuade a group of people that the writer or speaker is correct, using facts and logic (Salter-Dvorak, 2017). In any disagreement, the proof one uses can be split into fact and propensity to ace. The argument will and should take the forms of incidents, focal points, representations, and figures. When developing a dissident paper, with blunders or stunning logic, one must continuously be careful. Exposure is used in mostly fair-minded lingo to illuminate the horde of something, it is not supposed to affect or carry out tendency. We call a piece the forte of imparting in a lucid way, but predictable is not used here as a piece of any intellectual meaning. Without a question, we can say that work is the strength of passing on all that should be specifically passed on, inducing justification in the structure of the phrases used. Considering the inferential case, contents are appointed deductive or inductive-the case of how the premises endorse the end. Deductive disputes are the case for authoritative assistance, whereas inductive disputes are not.

A disagreement is supposed to be deductive if it is guaranteed that the choice is ultimately derived from the grounds. That is, irrespective of whether it is ensured that the end should be true or reasonable in the same way, because the grounds are licensed or commendable, the disagreement is deductive at that stage (Clare,2020). For example: there are bogus premises and a bogus determination in a deductive disagreement, individuals appear to derive it must be invalid. This is unfair in any situation. Whether or not a deductive dispute is generous is limited by the outline of disagreement and not by whether the sentences are genuine or appropriate. Regarding the inferential case, inductive disputes are increasingly moderate. It merely notes that its decision is likely to be taken from its premises. That is, the inferential case is that the end is at risk of being valid or deserving, because the premises are certified or fine. For example: Similarly, with the finding, it is appropriate to test the inferential case in an inductive dispute to verify if the premises to be definite make the end increasingly inclined to be authentic or commendable.


Clare, G. (2020). Discourse and argument in bureau of land management wilderness environmental impact statements. Policy Studies Journal, 28(2), 292-312. doi:

Salter-Dvorak, H. (2017). “How did you find the argument?”: Conflicting discourses in a master’s dissertation tutorial. London Review of Education, 15(1), 85-100. Retrieved from