gross motor skills involve muscle development H u m a n i t i e s
The Age and Development Expectations
I am observing a two-month-old child. At two months, a child is expected to be more alert. They make various sounds and get more skills of moving their body. A child’s muscles develop as their arms and legs move more freely. Thus, the child is expected to stretch their arms and legs. The child is also expected to grow quickly and gain about 900 g weights between 2.5 cm to 3.7 cm monthly. In addition, the child discovers their fingers and hands. They are expected to hold their hands open and grab objects. However, they don’t know how to drop the objects down.
What I am Observing
I am observing physical development, focusing on motor skills. Motor skills mean the physical growth that strengthens a child’s muscles, bones, and the ability to move and touch objects in their surroundings. The two categories of motor development include fine motor and gross motor. Fine motor refers to small movements in the arms, legs, wrists, tongue, and toes. Gross motor skills involve muscle development that enables the child to hold up their head, sit, crawl, and finally walk, run, and jump. Motor skill development undergoes a predictable sequence, from the inner body (i.e., arms, legs, head, and neck) to the outer body (i.e., feet, hands, toes, and fingers)
We are in a house, and a mother is laying her baby in bed to dress him. The baby is necked, and all parts involved in motor development are visible. The mother has just washed the baby and laid him in bed to dry him before dressing him. The mother removes several baby outfits to dress the baby. The house is silent, but the mother regularly says the baby’s name while holding his hands. The baby seems excited and smiles at the mother. The mother places several toys around the baby as she waits to dress him. He stares at the toys and stretches his hands to hold them. After a few minutes, the mother dresses the baby and breastfed him.
What I Saw
The baby’s hands and legs show significant motor development skills. For example, he unknowingly holds the clothes as the mother tries to dress him. The baby also grabs her mother’s fingers and refuses to go during breastfeeding. This behavior reflects the normal development expectation that a 2-month-old baby grabs objects but doesn’t know when to release them. The baby also moves his neck and head slightly to look at the toys and the mother as she selects the best outfit for him. Moving the neck and the head show the baby’s fine motor skills have significantly developed.
How it relates to Normal Development
The baby met normal development expectations for a 2-month-old child. The baby’s alertness shows his ability to explore the environment. He was active, and he moved his neck, arms, legs, feet, and fingers to interact with the environment, showing fine motor and gross motor skills. These activities show the baby’s had normal motor development, which is crucial for the next developmental stage. Motor development is vital for a child’s early development because it determines other developmental areas, such as crawling and walking. In this sense, the mother could expect her baby to crawl and walk at the expected age.