introduction different mental health disorders present H u m a n i t i e s
For this assessment, provide a mental health diagnosis for each of three clients described in vignettes and discuss the DSM-5 criteria the client does and does not fit. Analyze recommended treatments for one of the three clients, supporting your analysis with a peer-reviewed article. This assessment should be 5-6 pages in length.Introduction
Different mental health disorders present with different symptoms. Looking at the specific characteristics of a person’s thoughts and behavior can lead to a diagnosis and effective treatment.For both children and adults, a timely and accurate diagnosis is of utmost importance. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual is used to diagnose and treat disorders. The theoretical perspective of a mental health practitioner also influences their preferred treatment methods. Many factors contribute to the creation of a treatment plan.For this assessment, you will prepare written diagnoses for three clients using the DSM-5. Vignettes for each client are contained in the Case Study Vignettes file.Assessment Instructions
For each client in the Case Study Vignettes, indicate the diagnosis and discuss each criterion the client fits and does not fit for that diagnosis from the DSM-5, which you should cite.
- Select one of the clients and, in a separate, final section of the assessment, complete the following:
Identify the selected client.
Analyze two recommended treatments for the client and explain why they would be recommended.
One or both of these treatments should come from a current peer-reviewed journal article.
Support your analysis with a peer-reviewed journal article about the diagnosis you chose for this client.
Analyze how well the article’s discussion of the diagnosis compares to the behaviors the client displays.
Explain how you, as a professional in the field of psychology, would use the information from the article to inform your professional behavior.
Be sure to write your paper in APA format, cite all references in APA style, and include a reference list. Use the APA Style Paper Template [DOCX] to format your paper in APA style.
Competency 2: Analyze research findings from within the field of abnormal psychology.
- Apply research findings from the professional literature to support the analysis of treatment.
- Competency 3: Apply the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) to psychological disorders.
- Identify the appropriate diagnosis from the DSM for each client.
- Assess how each client evidences the criteria of the given diagnosis.
- Competency 4: Apply psychological theory and research in abnormal psychology to inform professional behavior.
Assess how research findings inform professional behavior.
- Competency 5: Analyze treatment of psychological disorders.
Analyze two treatments for one of the psychological disorders.
Case Study Vignettes
Jenny is a 35-year-old woman who grew up in a middle-class family. Her mother was an alcoholic. Her father was often absent because of his career demands. Jenny reported that she is the second of three sisters. Her eldest sister works as a model.
Jenny works as an accountant. She reports she is good at detail work and careful to check and double-check her work.
Jenny has been in some serious romantic relationships but has never been married: “Things just never seem to get that far. She ended her last relationship after giving her boyfriend an ultimatum: “Marry me or let’s end this.”
Jenny reported that she was sexually molested by a babysitter at age 8. She told her parents but nothing was done other than that the family never hired the sitter again.
Jenny was referred by her physician, whom she had consulted in regard to insomnia. She reported that the insomnia has been going on for several weeks. She has been fatigued during the day and does not have the motivation or interest she previously had for life’s demands. She noted that even pleasurable activities no longer interest her. She feels tired and cannot focus on her work as well as she did earlier.
The therapist notes that Jenny is quite thin. She agrees that she has become quite thin and reports she has not been eating much lately. She states, “I just don’t have an appetite.”
Fred was raised in Houston. His father and mother were both successful realtors. He is the middle of three brothers, who remain close. He remembers, “We never wanted for anything.” Fred was an A student in high school and college, and a top athlete. He completed medical school and now practices as an anesthesiologist at a local hospital.
Fred experienced some emotional distress several years ago as he considered coming out as a homosexual to his family. His father initially struggled with the news but came to accept it. Fred’s father is quite amiable toward Fred’s partner. Fred’s eldest brother was nonplussed by the news. Fred and his partner are welcome in his brother’s home. Fred’s mother’s response was “I don’t believe it. Please never mention this again.” The youngest brother accused Fred of “hurting Mom.”
Fred has again been experiencing emotional distress this past year as he and his partner discuss the idea of marrying or having a commitment ceremony. Fred is certain that he wants to do this, but struggles with the question of what to tell family members and whether to even invite his mother and youngest brother.
In this context Fred complains of daily panic attacks. These generally occur when he is getting ready for work, or near the end of the workday. The panic attacks started several weeks after Fred was robbed at gunpoint at a subway station four months ago. He stated he does not think he was particularly affected by the attack, but wonders because the panic attacks started soon after. Following the attack, Fred decided he is not going to use the subway anymore because it is too dangerous. Fred has been commuting by bicycle even though it is often difficult to negotiate the city streets by bike.
Fred reports that he is not aware of any mental illness in his immediate family. He strongly suspects that his mother’s father was an alcoholic, because he remembers his grandfather smelling of alcohol during Fred’s childhood, and because his mother refuses to have any alcohol in her home.
Sally, 23, is brought in by her parents, who are both in their 60s. Sally is the youngest of five siblings, all of whom are at least 10 years older than she, and married. The four eldest siblings were raised on the family farm. When Sally was about 10, her parents sold the farm and moved to the small city where they now live. Two of her siblings live in the same area. Two have left the area to pursue work opportunities.
Sally seems irritated. She asks, “Will you explain to my parents that I don’t need to be here? I want to get home and work on my book.” The family explains that Sally has been writing a novel. Sally believes that once she publishes her work, she will be acclaimed for setting the new direction in American literature.
Sally works as a ticket agent for an airline. She has continued to live at home in order to save money to attend a graduate school program. Sally’s parents are concerned. They report they hear her typing in her room for hours at a time, even during the wee hours of the night. Her mother is concerned because she can’t be getting much sleep. Alternately she becomes frustrated about writer’s block, so much so that she has broken things. This is not like her. They also worry because she recently bought a new car that they do not believe she can afford. They feel this is an unusual step for her. She states that their concerns do not take into account the large advance she will get once she shows her novel to a publishing agent. Sally’s parents are not sure if they are overreacting or not. Her mother says, “At least she’s not like Ted was.” Ted is an older brother who attempted suicide several years ago and is being treated with antidepressant medication.
It is difficult to get Sally to talk about much other than her writing. She eventually agrees to discuss other topics “If that’s the only way I’m going to get out of your office this morning.” She states she has good relationships with all family members, especially her young nephews and nieces. However, she does not have time for family right now. She also reports she is now irritated with her parents for selling the farm 10 years ago: “That would have been the perfect environment in which to have some peace so that I could focus on writing.”
Sally denies that she has any other problems worth talking about.